India is the second most populous country in the world, with a population of over one billion people, and also the seventh largest in area. The establishment of the Indian state was the culmination of the struggle of people in South Asia to escape the British Empire. India has an Indian River civilization (Indus) that flourished 5 thousand years ago.
Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism are religions born in India. In the past, India used to be British Indian subcontinent. Mohandas Gandhi was the hero of this country.
He persuaded the British government to give independence to India in a peaceful and accepted way. But Britain decided to split India into two countries: one with a majority Hindu population; one with a majority Muslim population is Pakistan, the country consists of two parts: the eastern part of India called East Pakistan (later Bangladesh), the western part is called West Pakistan (Islamic Republic of Pakistan today) . These two territories are over 2000 km across Indian territory.
India is the largest democracy in the world. It is a federal democracy consisting of 28 states and 7 territories. While states have their own autonomy and management, national laws have a higher power than state laws. India has three branches of government: Legislative, Executive and Judiciary at the state and national level. The President is the head of state, defender of the constitution and Supreme Commander of the Indian Armed Forces. The President and Vice President are indirectly elected by an electoral college with a term of five years.
The Prime Minister is the leader of the government and has the greatest executive power. The Prime Minister is elected by the legislators of the political party or majority coalition in parliament, and has a five-year term. The constitution does not specify the title of Deputy Prime Minister, but this title actually exists.